Current brain decoding technology is extremely primitive and it produces poor results. However, as new neurotechnologies are developed in the future, the quality of brain decoding will improve. Eventually it may be possible to create portable, non-invasive brain decoding devices that can serve as powerful brain-computer interfaces. These developments will present many complex ethical challenges in the areas of privacy and consent; agency and identity; augmentation; and bias. This commentary synthesizes the views of a panel of neuroethicists and neurotechnologists (including Jack Gallant) who met at Columbia University in 2016.
Those interested in neuroethics might also want to get a copy of the proceedings of a neuroethics workshop that was held in 2018 at the National Academy of Sciences. This workshop focused specifically on neuroethics issues that are likely to arise in the legal system.